Monday, October 29, 2012

Investigating Native American Dwellings 

     Native Americans roamed the North American continent for centuries before European explorers stumbled upon their territorial lands. Before this union took place, native tribal members were accustomed to living in harmony with the land.  They would gather what foods were available throughout the different seasons.  Some were lucky enough to stay in one place while other tribes had to migrate in search of seasonal foods.  Native tribesman spent a great deal of their time hunting, fishing, and gathering root crops.  They were also dependent upon the land to provide them with clothing and shelter, using whatever materials were available.  
     By utilizing the materials that were most abundant, tribes ended up with a hodgepodge of different styles of shelters depending upon where their tribes were located.  These shelters were usually built out of trees, grasses, earth, animal skins, and rock.  Tribes who were nomadic needed to have shelters that were quick to assemble and disassemble, allowing them to follow their food sources.  Nomadic tribes usually lived in single family dwellings that were simple to transport.  Tribes that were settled into one area tended to build large structures within close proximity of one another with many families living within one dwelling.  
      The following pictures will give you a brief view of the styles of shelters amongst the different tribes.  Use this blog to help you gain a better understanding of the described shelters. Focus on what types of materials each tribe used when building their shelters.  After you have glanced at the pictures, choose one style to focus one.  Study the links attached to each section, then answer the questions listed at the end of the blog.  Don't forget to ask your classmates what sites are available within their section.  There is a wide variety of material throughout this blog that will better help you understand your chosen style of shelter.  Also, don't forget to enjoy the videos within each section.


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Apache Wickiup Shelter

 
 
 
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Chemehuevi Indian House
 
 
 
 
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Choctaw Winter House

 
 
 
 
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Creek Indian Shelter
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Hopi Indian Village



 
 
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Iroquois Longhouse Sketch 



 
 
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Mandan Village
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Modoc Rock Shelter 
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Mohawk Longhouse
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 Natchez Indian Shelter


 
 
 
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Navajo Indian Village


The Navajo Indians

Navajo Indian Language (Dine)

Navajo Weavers Carry on Centuries-Old Tradition Video
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Nez Perce Longhouse


 
 
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Omaha Earthen Lodge


 
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Paiute Shelter
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Pi ma Ki Shelter


 
[LOGO - SRPMIC Great Seal]
 
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Pueblo Indian Dwellings
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Seminole Chickee Shelter
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 Siouan Bark Shelter


 
 
THE SOCIAL ORGANIZATION OF THE SIOUAN
TRIBES.


What types of homes did Native Americans live in? (Video)
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Sioux Tipi

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Wichita Grass House


wic

˜Wichita Indian Culture and History

Wichita - a dying native American language Video

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Wampanoag Shelter


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Winnebago Wigwam
 
 
 
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Zuni Village 

 


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  • What tribe lived within the shelter that you chose?
  • Within what region on North America did your chosen tribe live?
  • What materials were available for your chosen tribe to use for construction?
  • How did members assemble the dwellings?
  • What activities took place in the shelter? (cooking, sleeping, playing, etc)
  • Was your tribe nomadic or had they settled into one area and why?
  • How many people lived within each structure?
  • What type of protection did the shelter provide from natural elements? (weather, predators)
  • Did any other tribes use a similar style for their shelters?
  • Why did you choose this dwelling?
  • What other interesting facts did you find about your tribe while conducting your research?
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Picture Resources
Apache Wickiup Shelter- http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Apache_Wickiup,_Edward_Curtis,_1903.jpg
Chemehuevi Indian House- http://www.old-picture.com/indians/Chemehuevi-Indian-House.htm
Choctaw Winter House- http://www.choctawnationculture.com/choctaw-culture/iti-fabvssa/0411-starchoctaw-housesstar.aspx
Creek Indian Shelter- http://www.ehow.com/info_8344762_type-did-creek-indians-use.html 
Hopi Indian Village- http://wiki.answers.com/Q/What_type_of_home_did_the_Hopi_Indians_live_in
Iroquois Longhouse Sketch-http://www.nysm.nysed.gov/IroquoisVillage/constructiontwo.html
Mandan Village-http://www.sd84.k12.id.us/farmstid/Native%20American%20Web/mandan.htm
Modoc Rock Shelter-http://geotripper.blogspot.com/2010/01/other-california-cries-from-past.html  
Mohawk Longhouse- http://www.tworow.com/ourapproach3.html
Natchez Indian Shelter- http://www.lakotawritings.co.uk/native_shelters.htm
Navajo Indian Village-https://sites.google.com/a/apps.edina.k12.mn.us/dana-na-2011/food-clothing-and-shelter
Nez Perce Longhouse- http://content.lib.washington.edu/cdm4/item_viewer.php?CISOROOT=/loc&CISOPTR=583
Omaha Earthen Lodge- http://aboutnativeamericans.blogspot.com/2012/05/omaha-and-kansa-sioux-earth-lodges.html
Paiute Shelter-
http://ournationalparks.us/index.php/site/story_yosemite/yosemite_museum_celebrates_miwok_paiute_cultures/ 
Pi ma Ki Shelter-http://fromlaurelstreet.wordpress.com/2008/12/20/edward-s-curtis-home-sweet-home/
Pueblo Indian Dwellings- http://ushistoryimages.com/pueblo-indian-dwellings.shtm
Seminole Chickee Shelter- http://postville8.pbworks.com/w/page/17917436/Southeast2%20-%20Cheroke,Seminole,Creek
Siouan Bark Shelter- http://www.virginiaplaces.org/nativeamerican/woodlandindians.html
Sioux Tipi- http://www.sonofthesouth.net/union-generals/indians/sioux-tipi.htm
Wichita Grass House- http://www.old-picture.com/indians/Wichita-Grass-house.htm
Wampanoag Shelter- http://cdm.reed.edu/cdm4/indianconverts/studyguides/household/wampanoag_style_houses.php
Winnebago Wigwam- http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Winnebago_wigwam.jpg
Zuni Village-  http://archaeologynewsnetwork.blogspot.com/2010/05/anasazi-people-did-not-mysteriously.html